Updated: Sep 4, 2020
Anti-trafficking strategies are an important part of preventing human trafficking and can take several forms. Education, consequences for perpetrators, and reliable information for government organizations are three areas that can be addressed within a country to prevent and alleviate the effects of human trafficking among its citizens.
Due to the lack of education provided in some African countries, victims become vulnerable
simply because they do not have any other resources available to them. Lack of a proper education makes employment prospects and reliable income nearly impossible. This leads the vulnerable to seek out other job avenues. In addition, the culture created permits parents who cannot afford their child (or need money) to send their child to make money or marry before they turn 18.
The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report released in June 2020 has only one country in Africa listed as Tier 1, meaning there is only one country, Namibia, that is completely complying with the standards required to acknowledge and combat human trafficking. Adequate laws need to be in place and enforced in the fight against human trafficking. Without proper regulation, offenders will continue to enslave children without repercussions. Offenders must be found and prosecuted.
In acknowledging human trafficking, government organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and non-profit and human rights organizations can provide better data on what is going on within their country. The human trafficking industry works in the dark. Organizations must create and sustain ongoing research to provide the information needed to shed light on the demeaning and inhumane nature of modern-day slavery.